No monkeypox cases detected in South Africa

But more than 140 cases reported in 15 countries by NICD

These include the US, UK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Israel, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain 

The rare viral disease occurs mostly in central and west Africa 

However, the 15 countries mentioned here are not endemic for the virus 

The outbreak was first reported in the UK on 4 May 2022 in a traveller who returned from Nigeria 

Monkeypox was first identified in laboratory monkeys in a Danish lab in 1958 

The viral disease spreads from person to person via close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials 

Like the coronavirus, it is a zoonotic virus (transmitted to humans from animals) 

The common symptoms are headache, fever, painful and swollen lymph nodes, rash, myalgia (muscle and body aches), and lesions on the genitalia or peri-genital areas 

The disease is generally self-limiting, which resolves within 14 to 21 days

But infection can be severe in children, pregnant women, or people who are immunocompromised 

The WHO said that vaccination for monkeypox, where available, is being deployed to manage close contacts, such as healthcare workers 

Susan Hopkins, chief medical advisor for the UK, told CNN that "no direct vaccine for monkeypox, we are using a form of smallpox vaccine who are contacts of cases"  

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